November 15

posted Nov 15, 2011, 6:38 AM by Peter Knowles
Economics Standard 2.3 -- Understand the government's role in the economy.
Essential Question: What costs and benefits faced European nations as they attempted to create new trade routes?
Day # 51Date:  November 15, 2011Social Studies Standards  
Vocabulary Terms
Target QuestionWhat do people do when they can no longer have something they've become accustomed to? WHAT YOU SHOULD LEARN TODAY
Content ObjectiveStudents will understand the methods used to import Asian products to Europe at the time of the Renaissance and how restrictions on that trade led to challenges.    WHAT YOU SHOULD LEARN ABOUT THE SUBJECT
Language Objective   Students will discuss answers to questions based on short readingsHOW YOU WILL COMMUNICATE WHAT YOU LEARN

In Class Activity:

1)In Fourteen Hundred Ninety-Two

Columbus sailed the ocean blue…

1) This children’s rhyme centers on the most famous person to emerge from a time when European society was embarking on a new direction in history. 2) But Christopher Columbus was only one of many, many European explorers who left their marks on history.

3) Even while most of Europe was experiencing great internal change brought on by the Renaissance and Reformation, some Europeans were looking outward, away from their homes and toward the possibilities of new worlds and new riches elsewhere. 4) With Italy's power and control of trade with Asia, and with the rest of Europe's newfound interest in imported luxury items, other countries began to realize that if they were to enjoy the power, wealth, and prestige that Italy had, they would need to find access to trade by themselves.

5) Italy already controlled trade through the Mediterranean, so that meant other European countries had to look elsewhere for their trade routes. 6) Spain, Portugal, the Netherlands, and other nations bordering the Atlantic took the lead in exploration, first southward, around the tip of Africa, then west and northwest, looking for new, easy routes to the East.

7) One unexpected result of this exploration was the discovery of much more than a new route to a known market. 8) With Europeans' discovery of the New World, instead of finding a new market, they found a land whose exploration and exploitation would determine the strength of European monarchies for years to come, and the fates of millions of people already living in the land that the European explorers had suddenly "discovered."

9) This assessment cycle investigates the human and natural forces behind the time period known as the Age of Exploration, and explores how the discoveries of that age led to a new way of looking at the world.

So how did all this begin?
Let's start by looking at how one popular spice started a search for new ways to trade. 
Read a brief description of cinnamon, and try to find answers to questions as you read. 
  1. What regions of the world give us cinnamon?
  2. Why was cinnamon valued in Europe?
  3. How did Italian cities earn money from the trade in cinnamon?
  4. What happened in the 1300's to drive up the cost of cinnamon?
And cinnamon wasn't the only spice involved. Check out this website to learn more about how widespread, and how important, the spice trade was for Europeans throughout history.

So how do you think Europeans would react when the price of cinnamon, and other spices, and other items of trade from the east suddenly became more and more expensive? What choices would they face?

This assessment cycle focuses on the responses to those questions and more. To begin your journey into this question, start with tonight's homework reading.

NOTE: Beginning tomorrow you will be working on a map that will require colored pencils. Bring them if you have them.

Tonight's assignment Read "Motive and Means" (194-195), "A Race for Riches" (196-197), and "Science, Technology & Society" (197) then answer these questions:
1) How did Marco Polo have an impact on Europeans' desire to create new trade routes to Asia?
2) What did "God, gold, and glory" represent for European explorers?
3) How did the Portuguese and Spanish explorations differ in terms of the direction they traveled?
4) Why did Portugal and Spain sign the Treaty of Tordesillas?
5) What were 5 advances in technology that helped Europeans in their voyages of discovery?

REMEMBER: To do your best on summative assessments, you'll need to use not only the information that we've discussed in class, but also include information from outside of classroom activities, either from information you already know, or from additional research you complete. Conduct your own research if necessary, or visit the Extension link below for ideas.
Formative AssessmentBe ready for a quiz on tonight's assignment when you get to class tomorrowHOW YOU WILL DEMONSTRATE WHAT YOU'VE LEARNED TODAY
Summative Assessment

DUE 11/23
Our next summative (graded) assessment will be a blog post in answer to the following question:  
What costs and benefits faced European nations as they attempted to create new trade routes?
Start thinking about examples you learned about today. They will come in handy when you need to write about them later.
ExtensionLearn more about Marco Polo and the Silk Road with these web resources