January 26

posted Jan 26, 2012, 5:31 AM by Peter Knowles

Day # 89Date:  January 26Social Studies Standards  
Vocabulary Terms
Target QuestionHow will you finish your project?WHAT YOU SHOULD LEARN TODAY
Content ObjectiveStudents will begin writing a paragraph that closes out their papers.WHAT YOU SHOULD LEARN ABOUT THE SUBJECT
Language Objective   Students will read and take notes on material about their chosen topic and begin explaining it to others.HOW YOU WILL COMMUNICATE WHAT YOU LEARN



Today we continue work on the final semester project, now due January 30. 

You should have already... 

  1. Chosen a topic (due 1/4)
  2. Started taking notes from a variety of sources, including:
    1. Your textbook
    2. World Book Online (http://www.worldbookonline.com/advanced/home  username: esd112, password: worldbook112)
    3. A library book (CHS Library Search Station)
    4. A website or two that you've found on your own
  3. Turned in a list of references, including at least 3 references that you've started taking notes from. (due 1/6)
  4. Shared your background paragraph, including basic information about your topic. (due 1/9)
  5. Chosen the 2 Social Studies Standards you'll focus on. (due 1/11)
  6. Written your introduction and thesis statement. (due 1/12)
  7. Written your first focus paragraph (due 1/23)
  8. Written your second focus paragraph (due 1/25)

REMEMBER: Whenever you take notes, make sure that you:
  • Keep track of where the information comes from (you'll need full bibliographic info -- author, title, etc. -- later, so you might as well write it down now) including page numbers if from a printed source.
  • Keep track of what kind of information it is. Is the information in your own words (a paraphrase or summary), or in the words of the original author (a quote)? 
  • Throughout your research, taking careful and accurate notes, along with where you got them and whether they are your words or the author's, will be the easiest way to keep the process moving forward

Did you turn in your paragraph focusing on the second focus area you've chosen? If so, here's what's next....

When you started your writing, you used a broad introduction to capture your reader's attention, and ended your introductory paragraph with your thesis statement. (You did that, didn't you?)

Now it's time to do the reverse; your reader has followed you through your background paragraph and your two focus areas, and now your job is done. You've proven your thesis statement with careful research, and all your information is properly cited with accurate references at the end. (It is, isn't it?)

So now most of your job is done, and it's time to let your reader go. Your concluding paragraph should make that clear by:
1. Echoing your thesis statement from your introduction, restating the main idea of your paper in a different way, and
2. Building out from that point to a broad, satisfying conclusion to your thoughts, making clear that your paper is done.
Here's an example:

There used to be a car commercial  that used the "butterfly effect" to help explain how decisions we make can have impacts far, far away that we don't even know about. The butterfly effect is the belief that a very small action can cause a chain reaction of events that end up with a very, very large impact somewhere else. In history, like in car commercials, small decisions and actions can have a major impact on things that are seemingly unrelated and very distant from the source. Nowhere is this more true than when previously separate cultures come into contact for the very first time. In the 1500's, after Columbus made the first of his transatlantic crossings, European and Latin American cultures met each other for the very first time, and the results of this small event led to dramatic and important impacts down the line. Economic and geographic factors had a huge impact on the way that Spanish and Portuguese colonization affected the people and societies of Latin America.
When Spain and Portugal created colonies in Latin America, the economic decisions they made and the geographic features they encountered played a major role in the lives of the people there. These impacts were probably never imagined by Columbus and his crew when the first contacts occurred. This is often the case when people encounter something entirely new. It is hard to predict where someone's path in life will take them, or how their decisions and actions will affect others many years from now. It is clear from history, and from people's everyday lives, that their decisions do have an impact on people and events that follow them. As we forward, through our future lives, it would be nice to know what the effect of each decision and action will be. But it's unlikely we will ever have that luxury. We'll never truly know the full impact we have on the world to come.
You'll notice that the introduction starts with a broad concept and works its way in to the thesis statement. The conclusion starts with a different version of the thesis statement, and works its way out to broader concepts and ideas that no longer mention the topic of the paper. But the movement from one sentence to another, from one idea to another, should provide a sense of closure and completion. 

That's your challenge today. Write a concluding paragraph for your paper, letting your reader know that the paper is finished, you've proven your thesis, and it's time to move on. 

Tomorrow we'll be checking to see that all the items you need are included in your paper, and we'll work on some revision techniques to get ready for the DUE DATE NEXT WEEK.


REMEMBER: To do your best on summative assessments, you'll need to use not only the information that we've discussed in class, but also include information from outside of classroom activities, either from information you already know, or from additional research you complete. Conduct your own research if necessary, or visit the Extension link below for ideas.
Formative Assessment
Next up: Turn in a DRAFT of your concluding paragraph (Due TODAY). Once you've done that,you should have a complete paper. Now it's time to fine tune it, make changes, corrections, and additions to make it even better. 
Summative Assessment
Our NEXT summative (graded) assessment is the final one for this semester, due January 30.